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  • HTML Validator

    Whats up with this?

    ~Designer's Toolz~

  • #2
    Exactly as it says. Add this in the header

    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">


    • #3
      The validator needs to know what charset, or encoding, your page has, in order to validate it. (And a browser parser that doesn't know has to either guess or try to divine it from the document somehow. Which means that things can be misinterpreted.)

      The HTTP headers doesn't return any charset:
      GET /index.html HTTP/1.1
      User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.0; en-US; rv:1.5) Gecko/20031007 Firebird/0.7
      Accept: text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,video/x-mng,image/png,image/jpeg,image/gif;q=0.2,*/*;q=0.1
      Accept-Language: en-gb,en;q=0.7,en-us;q=0.3
      Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
      Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7
      Keep-Alive: 300
      Connection: keep-alive
      HTTP/1.x 200 OK
      Date: Sat, 07 Feb 2004 23:20:15 GMT
      Server: Apache/1.3.27 (Unix)  (Red-Hat/Linux) mod_jk/1.2.0 mod_perl/1.26 PHP/4.3.3 FrontPage/5.0.2 mod_ssl/2.8.12 OpenSSL/0.9.6b
      Last-Modified: Sat, 07 Feb 2004 22:57:48 GMT
      Etag: "107000f-21f9-40256d6c"
      Accept-Ranges: bytes
      Content-Length: 8697
      Keep-Alive: timeout=15, max=100
      Connection: Keep-Alive
      [color=red]Content-Type: text/html[/color]
      That should have been Content-Type: text/html;charset=DocumentCharset.

      You may specify it in the document as a meta tag as well. The meta tag should be the first tag after the opening head tag and looks like this:
      <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=[i]DocumentCharset[/i]">
      Of course, if you're using XHTML that tag should end in /> and not >.

      If you're using XHTML you may use the encoding attribute of the XML prolog, like this:
      <?xml version="1.0" encoding="[i]DocumentCharset[/i]"?>

      As for the charset you should use, utf-8 (Unicode, good for most Indoeuropean language), iso-8859-15 (Revised Latin-1, called Latin-9 by W3C), iso-8859-1 (Old Latin-1), or good old us-ascii (Basic English) seems like the best choices, unless you use one of the iconographic asian languages.
      Last edited by liorean; Feb 7, 2004, 06:36 PM.
      liorean <[[email protected]]>
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